Mary was a junior high school student.(主語、動詞はどれか。）Her family loved swimming.(主語、動詞はどれか）。Her two brothers, John and Tom, were the best swimmers in the city.(, ,で挟んである部分は、どう訳すか。）Her parents were P.E. teachers. Mary, the youngest child in the family, was very good at swimming, too.(, ,で挟んである部分はどう訳すか。 be good at 〜ingの意味がわかるか。）She practiced swimming every day after school at a swimming club in the city.(主語はどれか、動詞はどれか？）She had a rival there. (thereはどこを指すか？）Her name was Betty. She swam almost as fast as Mary, but Mary always swam faster than Betty. She never defeated Mary in a race.(sheは誰のことか？）They knew each other, but they didn't talk much. Both Mary and Betty always wanted to swim faster than each other.
One day, Mary was defeated by Betty in a race.(受動態に気がつくか？）That was a first experience for her.(thatは何を指すか？）She was shocked.(sheは誰のことか？）After the race, Mary wasn't able to improve her times. First, she began to practice harder. Then she asked her coach to tell her other ways to practice swimming. She followed each of them.(themの指す言葉は何か）But that didn't work.(thatの指す内容は何か？）She didn't know what to do. Betty also practiced hard, and improve her times. Mary stopped going to the swimming club.
Marry's family worried about her. They gave her some advice. Her mother said to her, "Everyone has had an experience like that."(時制は何か）Her father said to her, "Don't worry. Just keep practicing, and your times will get better soon."(andはどう訳すか？）Her brother John said to her, "why don't you try some other sports? I think that will help you.(thatは何を指すか？）" Her brother Tom said to her, "I think you should try swimming slowly. Try thinking about your swimming form. I sometimes practice that way when I get into a deep slump." Mary understood what they felt for her. But she didn't go to practice. Every day after school, she just stayed home. She wondered what she should do with her life.
Two weeks later, a letter arrived for Mary.(主語はどれか、動詞はどれか？）She opened it.(itは何を指すか？）It was from Betty. She was surprised to get a letter from Betty.(to不定詞はどう訳すか？）She started to read it.
I haven't seen you for two weeks.(時制は？）Are you all right? I miss you very much. I always wanted to swim faster than you, but now I can't practice as hard as before.(butはどの文とどの文とをつなぐか？）I've found I really need you.(foundの後に省略されている語は？）Please come back to the club again!
When Marry read the letter, she was happy to learn that she was important to Betty, and she remembered some things.(to不定詞はどう訳すか？and は何と何とを結ぶか？）
"When Betty was practicing hard and improved her times, I wanted to practice more. When I made a new record in a swimming race, John and Tom were very happy. When I was able to swim twenty-five meters for the first time, my father got more excited than I."
Mary knew her family always helped her. (knewの後に省略されている語は？名詞節の主語と動詞は？）She thought, "I was able to keep swimming because of my family's help. And I have a good rival who practices swimming with me.(関係代名詞の節が訳せるか？）" She decided to swim again.(不定詞背の用法は？）
The next day, Mary went to the swimming club. Other swimmers said some kind things to her. She saw Betty. Betty said to Mary, "Let's practice together!" and smiled.(smiledの前に省略されている主語は？）Mary was very glad to see her again.(to不定詞はどう訳すか？）
For six months, Mary practiced very hard with Betty. Then she made a new record in a race. Mary was very happy. She knew that she and Betty were good friends. And that made her happier.
(2013年 東京 改）
Mary thought, "I was able to keep swimming because ( )."
ア. other members in my club said kind things to me
イ. I decided to go to the swimming club again
ウ. Betty smiled when she saw me at the swimming club
エ. my family always helped me and I had a good rival
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